A Comparison of Three Approaches to Correct for Direct and Indirect Range Restrictions: A Simulation Study

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


A common methodological problem in the evaluation of the predictive validity of selection methods, e.g. in educational and employment selection, is that the correlation between predictor and criterion is biased. Thorndike’s (1949) formulas are commonly used to correct for this biased correlation. An alternative approach is to view the selection mechanism as a missing data mechanism. The aim of this study was to compare Thorndike’s formulas for direct and indirect range restriction scenarios with two state-of-the-art approaches for handling missing data: full information maximum likelihood (FIML) and multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE). We conducted Monte-Carlo simulations to investigate the accuracy of the population correlation estimates in dependence of the selection ratio and the true population correlation in an experimental design. For a direct range restriction scenario, the three approaches are equally accurate. For an indirect range restriction scenario, the corrections using FIML and MICE are more precise than when using Thorndike’s formula. The higher the selection ratio and the true population correlation, the higher the precision
of the population correlation estimates. Our findings indicate that both missing data approaches are alternative corrections to Thorndike’s formulas, especially in the case of indirect range restriction.
FachzeitschriftPractical Assessment, Research & Evaluation
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 24 März 2016

ÖFOS 2012

  • 101018 Statistik
  • 501016 Pädagogische Psychologie


  • range restriction
  • Prognostische Validität
  • missing data
  • full information maximum likelihood
  • multiple imputation
  • Korrelation