A new Bouguer gravity map of Austria

Bruno Meurers, Diethard Ruess

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


All gravity data acquired in Austria during the past 50 years by different institutions have been reprocessed and homogenized in order to compile a new and accurate Bouguer gravity map of the Eastern Alps. Reprocessing was based on modern methods of terrain correction procedures and a digital terrain model (DTM) with 50 m spacing in order to get accurate corrections even in rough and mountainous areas. The DTM and digital cadastre also helped correcting the station coordinates that had been extracted from topographic maps in some of the early surveys. The final data set consists of 54000 stations with an average station distance of less than 3 km, even in the mountains. Commonly, the Bouguer gravity is based on orthometric rather than on ellipsoidal heights. Based on the newest geoid models, the Bouguer anomaly for the new map was determined using ellipsoidal heights, and the geophysical indirect effect was estimated. Additionally, mass corrections were determined by applying a 2D density model in order to investigate the errors introduced by assuming constant density in the standard processing. Finally, a stripped gravity map was derived to enhance the effect of sources within the upper crust. The new homogenized gravity data set refers to the absolute gravity datum and provides a much improved base for present and future Austrian Geoid solutions in Austria and neighbouring countries. This paper covers collection and processing of gravity data in Austria and presents a new Bouguer gravity map. Results of geological interpretation will be subject of future papers.
Seiten (von - bis)62-70
FachzeitschriftAustrian Journal of Earth Sciences
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2009

ÖFOS 2012

  • 105102 Allgemeine Geophysik