Adhesion: comparison between physico-chemical expected and measured adhesion of oxygen-plasma-treated carbon fibers and polycarbonate

A. Bismarck, D. Richter, C. Wuertz, M. E. Kumru, B. Song, J. Springer

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


The adhesive interaction between oxygen-plasma-treated, polyacrylonitrile-based, high-tensile-strength carbon fibers and a polycarbonate matrix has been studied. Several models have been used to predict the impact of the plasma treatment process on the strength of adhesion between both jointing partners. These approaches have been the thermodynamic work of adhesion which was calculated from the solid surface tensions, based on the results of contact angle measurements versus test liquids, the contact angle which was directly obtained via polycarbonate melt droplets on single carbon fibers and the zeta (ζ)-potential data provided by streaming potential measurements. The results have been compared with the interfacial shear strength determined from the single-fiber fragmentation test. Additionally, the single-fiber tensile strength of the oxygen-plasma-treated carbon fibers was determined. We confirmed that any physico-chemical method on its own fails to describe exactly the measured adhesion. However, for the investigated system, the conscientious interpretation of the data obtained from wetting measurements, in conjunction with the thermodynamic approach, is sufficient to predict the success of a modification technique which has been applied to one component in order to improve adhesion.

Seiten (von - bis)19-42
FachzeitschriftJournal of Adhesion
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2000
Extern publiziertJa

ÖFOS 2012

  • 104017 Physikalische Chemie
  • 104011 Materialchemie