Apple procyanidins affect several members of the ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase family in vitro

Nicole Teller, Matthias Roth, Melanie Esselen, Diana Fridrich, Ute Haßmann, Volker Blust, Frank Will, Helmut Dietrich, Francis Raul, Wolfgang Huemmer, Elke Richling, Peter Schreier, Doris Marko (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Complex polyphenol-rich extracts from apples are known to inhibit the activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in vitro. The aim of the present study was to identify the bioactive constituents of the apple juice extract which contribute substantially to this potentially chemopreventive effect and to address the question whether the effect is specific to the EGFR or whether other members of the ErbB-receptor family might also be affected. Apple-derived dihydrochalcones and their respective glycosides were found to decrease EGFR activity under cell-free conditions with IC50-values ranging from 0.4 +/- 0.1 to 267.0 +/- 50.0 mu M but showed no activity on human cancer cells. The concentration of quercetin or its glycosides in the extract was too low to contribute substantially to the EGFR-inhibitory properties. In contrast, fractions derived from the apple juice extract comprising >= 86% oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs) suppressed the activity of the EGFR in cell culture with an IC50 similar to 100 mu g mL(-1). In addition, the activity of further members of the ErbB-receptor family was potently inhibited, with ErbB3 receptor activity being most potently decreased (IC50 similar to 10 mu g mL(-1)). From the apple polyphenols identified so far OPCs were found to add the highest contribution to the inhibitory effects towards members of the ErbB-receptor family. Considering the crucial role of the ErbB-receptors in carcinogenesis, these results support the hypothesis that apple-derived OPCs as well as OPC-rich apple preparations might be of interest with respect to chemoprevention.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)689-697
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftFood & Function: linking the chemistry and physics of food with health and nutrition
Jahrgang4
Ausgabenummer5
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2013

ÖFOS 2012

  • 106002 Biochemie
  • 104009 Lebensmittelchemie

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