Biochemical characterization of Dimocarpus longan polyphenol oxidase provides insights into its catalytic efficiency

Leela Ruckthong, Matthias Pretzler, Ioannis Kampatsikas, Annette Rompel (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


The “dragon-eye” fruits produced by the tropical longan tree are rich in nutrients and antioxidants. They suffer from post-harvest enzymatic browning, a process for which mainly the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) family of enzymes is responsible. In this study, two cDNAs encoding the PPO have been cloned from leaves of Dimocarpus longan (Dl), heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography. The prepro-DlPPO1 contains two signal peptides at its N-terminal end that facilitate transportation of the protein into the chloroplast stroma and to the thylakoid lumen. Removal of the two signal peptides from prepro-DlPPO1 yields pro-DlPPO1. The prepro-DlPPO1 exhibited higher thermal tolerance than pro-DlPPO1 (unfolding at 65 °C vs. 40 °C), suggesting that the signal peptide may stabilize the fold of DlPPO1. DlPPO1 can be classified as a tyrosinase because it accepts both monophenolic and diphenolic substrates. The pro-DlPPO1 exhibited the highest specificity towards the natural diphenol (–)-epicatechin (kcat/KM of 800 ± 120 s−1 mM−1), which is higher than for 4-methylcatechol (590 ± 99 s−1 mM−1), pyrogallol (70 ± 9.7 s−1 mM−1) and caffeic acid (4.3 ± 0.72 s−1 mM−1). The kinetic efficiencies of prepro-DlPPO1 are 23, 36, 1.7 and 4.7-fold lower, respectively, than those observed with pro-DlPPO1 for the four aforementioned diphenolic substrates. Additionally, docking studies showed that (–)-epicatechin has a lower binding energy than any other investigated substrate. Both kinetic and in-silico studies strongly suggest that (–)-epicatechin is a good substrate of DlPPO1 and ascertain the affinity of PPOs towards specific flavonoid compounds.

FachzeitschriftScientific Reports
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 25 Nov. 2022

ÖFOS 2012

  • 106002 Biochemie
  • 106006 Biophysik