Building the Bridge: Topic Modeling for Comparative Research

Fabienne Lind (Korresp. Autor*in), Jakob-Moritz Eberl, Olga Eisele, Tobias Heidenreich, Sebastian Galyga, Hajo Boomgaarden

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

In communication research, topic modeling is primarily used for discovering systematic patterns in monolingual text corpora. To advance the usage, we provide an overview of recently presented strategies to extract topics from multilingual text collections for the purpose of comparative research. Moreover, we discuss, demonstrate, and facilitate the usability of the "Polylingual Topic Model" (PLTM) for such analyses. The appeal of this model is that it derives lists of related clustered words in different languages with little reliance on translation or multilingual dictionaries and without the need for manual post-hoc matching of topics. PLTM bridges the gap between languages by making use of document connections in training documents. As these training documents are the crucial resource for the model, we compare model evaluation metrics for different strategies to build training documents. By discussing the advantages and limitations of the different strategies in respect to different scenarios, our study contributes to the methodological discussion on automated content analysis of multilingual text corpora.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)96-114
Seitenumfang19
FachzeitschriftCommunication Methods & Measures
Jahrgang16
Ausgabenummer2
Frühes Online-Datum7 Sep. 2021
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022

ÖFOS 2012

  • 508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft
  • 508014 Publizistik

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