Centric relation: A matter of form and substance

Cinzia Fornai, Ian Tester, Kim Parlett, Cristian Basili, Helder Nunes Costa

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftEntscheidungsbesprechungPeer Reviewed


The recent review article by Zonnenberg, Türp and Greene ‘Centric relation critically revisited – What are the clinical implications’? opens an important debate by addressing topics of central relevance in Dentistry, namely the relationship between occlusion and the condyle-to-glenoid-fossa position, and the need for diagnostic assessment and therapeutic alteration of the condylar position in orthodontic patients. Zonnenberg, Türp and Greene concluded that the mandibular condyle is correctly situated in most orthodontic patients. Thus, in their view, orthodontists can disregard this aspect during treatment, and rely on the plastic properties of the masticatory supporting structures, while aiming at finishing the cases in a good occlusal relationship. We think that this approach fails to consider that biological variation of the stomatognathic structures can also be pathological and that, as dental occlusion determines condylar relative position within the glenoid fossa, changes in the occlusion are likely to alter the original condylar-to-glenoid-fossa relation. Hence, we claim that whenever the occlusal relationship must be changed, the clinician should carefully monitor the condyle position and the mandibular function to prevent possible iatrogenic effects. To advance the discourse on the topic, we invite Zonnenberg, Türp and Greene to clarify their definition of ‘average patient’ and their interpretation of ‘full-mouth orthodontic and orthognathic treatment’, their understanding of ‘biologically acceptable condylar relationship’, their justification of maximum intercuspation as reference position, the extent to which they think it is safe to rely on the TMJ resilience, and finally their alternative to centric relation in the treatment of patients needing condylar repositioning.

Seiten (von - bis)687-690
FachzeitschriftJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Juli 2022

ÖFOS 2012

  • 106018 Humanbiologie