Complex posttraumatic stress disorder in patients exposed to emotional neglect and traumatic events: Latent class analysis.

Marloes B. Eidhof, Manik J. Djelantik, Ellen R. Klaassens, Viktoria Kantor, Doris Rittmannsberger, Marieke Sleijpen, Anne Steenbakkers, Dina Weindl, Jackie June Ter Heide

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

The inclusion of a complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) diagnosis in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases reflects growing evidence that a subgroup of individuals with PTSD also suffer from disturbances in emotion regulation, interpersonal skills, and self-concept, which together are termed "disturbances in self-organization" (DSO). Although CPTSD is assumed to result from exposure to complex traumatic events, emotional neglect may be an important contributor. This study investigated the presence of CPTSD, defined by endorsement of PTSD and DSO symptoms in a clinical postwar generation sample. The sample consisted of 218 patients who had been exposed to emotional neglect in childhood, a subgroup of whom had also been exposed to potentially traumatic events. Using items from the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Brief Symptom Inventory, a latent class analysis revealed two classes: high endorsement of almost all CPTSD symptoms (n = 83; 38.1%) and low endorsement of all CPTSD symptoms (n = 135; 61.9%). Contrary to our hypothesis, no DSO-only class was found. The R3step method showed gender and number of traumatic events to be significant predictors of class membership. Compared to the low endorsement class, individuals in the CPTSD class were more likely to be female, p = .013, and to report a higher number of traumatic experiences, p < .001. The potential intermediary role of emotional neglect in the development of DSO and CPTSD is discussed.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)23-31
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftJournal of Traumatic Stress
Jahrgang32
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Feb. 2019

ÖFOS 2012

  • 501010 Klinische Psychologie

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