Convergence and divergence in organization of phytoplankton communities under various regimes of physical and biological control

Judit Padisak (Korresp. Autor*in), Eva Hajnal, Luigi Naselli-Flores, Martin Dokulil, Peeter Noges, Tamar Zohary

    Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

    Abstract

    The hypothesis that physical constraints may be as important, if not more important, than biological ones in shaping the structure of phytoplankton assemblage was tested by analyzing long-term (11-29 years) phytoplankton series in eight lakes and nine sites located along a latitudinal gradient in the Northern hemisphere. Phytoplankton biomass was used and similarity of assemblages in same months of the annual data sets was then calculated by subtracting the Bray-Curtis dissimilarity index from 1. The extent of biological and physical forcing was partly based on "expert evaluation": the importance of four physical (light availability, temperature, conductivity, and sediment stirring up) and five biological variables (basic nutrients [SRP-, DIN-, SRSi-availability] as estimators of competition straight, importance of grazing, and importance of parasitism) was evaluated month by month by arbitrarily scaling from 1 to 5 the intensity of each variable and then summing them in the appropriate subgroup. Since the number of physical variables is less than that of the biological ones, the latter was rescaled to reach the same maximum attainable value of physical variables. The results showed an extremely high variability, making evident that each lake, although showing the same metabolic processes, behaves as an individual with regard to its phytoplankton structure. More generally, it was possible to highlight a largely more important role of physical constraints in shaping both biomass and composition of phytoplankton. This is especially true in winter. In addition, the results were compared to the outcomes of the PEG model, since a plasticity in the structure of phytoplankton much greater than that reported in this widely acknowledged model has been recorded in the data set used. This high variability found in this study in relation to physical constraints might also explain the different patterns of phytoplankton growth observed from Northern temperate to Mediterranean lakes as well as those occurring in shallow and deep lakes.
    OriginalspracheEnglisch
    Seiten (von - bis)205-220
    Seitenumfang16
    FachzeitschriftHydrobiologia: the international journal on limnology and marine sciences
    Jahrgang639
    Ausgabenummer1
    DOIs
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2010

    ÖFOS 2012

    • 106020 Limnologie

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