Developing Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Capabilities for Anthropogenic Radionuclide Analysis to Extend the Set of Oceanographic Tracers

Karin Hain (Korresp. Autor*in), Martin Martschini, Fadime Gülce, Maki Honda, Johannes Lachner, Michael Kern, Johanna Pitters, Francesca Quinto, Aya Sakaguchi, Peter Steier, Andreas Wiederin, Alexander Wieser, Akihiko Yokoyama, Robin Golser

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Recent major advances in Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) regarding detection efficiency and isobar suppression have opened possibilities for the analysis of additional long-lived radionuclides at ultra-low environmental concentrations. These radionuclides, including U-233, Cs-135, Tc-99, and Sr-90, will become important for oceanographic tracer application due to their generally conservative behavior in ocean water. In particular, the isotope ratios U-233/U-236 and Cs-137/Cs-135 have proven to be powerful fingerprints for emission source identification as they are not affected by elemental fractionation. Improved detection efficiencies allowed us to analyze all major long-lived actinides, i.e., U-236, Np-237, Pu-239,Pu-240, Am-241 as well as the very rare U-233, in the same 10 L water samples of a depth profile from the northwest Pacific Ocean. For this purpose, a simplified and very flexible chemical purification procedure based on extraction chromatography (a single UTEVA(R) column) was implemented which can be extended by a DGA(R) column for Am purification. The procedure was validated with the reference materials IAEA-381/385. With the additional increase in ionization efficiency expected for the extraction of actinides as fluoride molecules from the AMS ion source, a further reduction of chemical processing may become possible. This method was successfully applied to an exemplary set of air filter samples. In order to determine the quantitative Np-237 concentration reliably, a Np-236 spike material is being developed in collaboration with the University of Tsukuba, Japan. Ion-Laser Interaction Mass Spectrometry (ILIAMS), a novel technique for the efficient suppression of stable isobaric background, has been developed at VERA and provides unprecedented detection sensitivity for the fission fragments Cs-135, Tc-99, and Sr-90. The corresponding setup is fully operational now and the isobar suppression factors of >10(5) achieved, in principle, allow for the detection of the mentioned radionuclides in the environment. Especially for Sr-90 analysis, this new approach has already been validated for selected reference materials (e.g., IAEA-A-12) and is ready for application in oceanographic studies. We estimate that a sample volume of only (1-3) L ocean water is sufficient for Sr-90 as well as for Cs-135 analysis, respectively.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer837515
Seitenumfang17
FachzeitschriftFrontiers in Marine Science
Jahrgang9
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 14 März 2022

ÖFOS 2012

  • 103013 Ionenphysik

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