Estimation of breathing rate from respiratory sinus arrhythmia: comparison of various methods

Axel Schäfer, Karl Kratky

    Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


    Although respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a well-known and often studied phenomenon, methods to estimate (average) respiratory rate from heart rate variability via RSA have been investigated and published only sparsely. We reinvestigate three published techniques and contrast them to our own approaches. All methods were also evaluated for respiration signals to yield approximations of the true breathing rate for comparison. Our analyses are based on physiological recordings available at PhysioNet, an online database. Results show that the RSA of young supine subjects yields good approximations of mean respiratory rate in the case of time series longer than 1 min, while the estimations become noticeably less accurate for elderly persons. Our own “advanced counting method” produced the best results, and in addition principally permits even the definition of instantaneous respiratory rates. Consequently, it is recommended for further investigations.
    Seiten (von - bis)476-485
    FachzeitschriftAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2008

    ÖFOS 2012

    • 106006 Biophysik
    • 106009 Chronobiologie
    • 101026 Zeitreihenanalyse