Extraction, Purification, and Characterization of Olive (Olea europaea L., cv. Chemlal) Polyphenol Oxidase

Ala eddine Derardja, Matthias Pretzler, Malika Barkat, Annette Rompel (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Among fruits susceptible to enzymatic browning, olive polyphenol oxidase (OePPO) stood out as being unisolated from a natural source until this study, wherein we successfully purified and characterized the enzyme. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of heated and nonheated OePPO revealed distinct molecular weights of 35 and 54 kDa, respectively, indicative of its oligomeric nature comprising active and C-terminal subunits. OePPO displayed latency, fully activating with 5 mM SDS under optimal conditions of pH 7.5 and 15 °C. The enzyme demonstrated monophenolase activity and showcased the highest efficiency toward hydroxytyrosol. Despite its low optimal temperature, OePPO exhibited high thermal resistance, maintaining stability up to 90 °C. However, beyond this threshold, the oligomeric enzyme disassociated, yielding a denatured main subunit and C-terminal fragments. Six OePPO genes were found in the fruits. Tryptic digestion identified the enzyme as mature OePPO1 (INSDC OY733096), while mass spectrometry detected the active form mass alongside several C-terminal fragments, revealing potential cleavage sites (Gly407, Tyr408).

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)3099-3112
Seitenumfang14
FachzeitschriftJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jahrgang72
Ausgabenummer6
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 14 Feb. 2024

ÖFOS 2012

  • 104009 Lebensmittelchemie
  • 211203 Lebensmittelverfahrenstechnik

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