Identification of repurposing therapeutics toward SARS-CoV-2 main protease by virtual screening

Kamonpan Sanachai, Tuanjai Somboon, Patcharin Wilasluck, Peerapon Deetanya, Peter Wolschann, Thierry Langer, Vannajan Sanghiran Lee, Kittikhun Wangkanont (Korresp. Autor*in), Thanyada Rungrotmongkol (Korresp. Autor*in), Supot Hannongbua (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


SARS-CoV-2 causes the current global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019. Widely-available effective drugs could be a critical factor in halting the pandemic. The main protease (3CL pro) plays a vital role in viral replication; therefore, it is of great interest to find inhibitors for this enzyme. We applied the combination of virtual screening based on molecular docking derived from the crystal structure of the peptidomimetic inhibitors (N3, 13b, and 11a), and experimental verification revealed FDA-approved drugs that could inhibit the 3CL pro of SARS-CoV-2. Three drugs were selected using the binding energy criteria and subsequently performed the 3CL pro inhibition by enzyme-based assay. In addition, six common drugs were also chosen to study the 3CL pro inhibition. Among these compounds, lapatinib showed high efficiency of 3CL pro inhibition (IC 50 value of 35 ± 1 μM and K i of 23 ± 1 μM). The binding behavior of lapatinib against 3CL pro was elucidated by molecular dynamics simulations. This drug could well bind with 3CL pro residues in the five subsites S1’, S1, S2, S3, and S4. Moreover, lapatinib’s key chemical pharmacophore features toward SAR-CoV-2 3CL pro shared important HBD and HBA with potent peptidomimetic inhibitors. The rational design of lapatinib was subsequently carried out using the obtained results. Our discovery provides an effective repurposed drug and its newly designed analogs to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 3CL pro

FachzeitschriftPLoS ONE
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 30 Juni 2022

ÖFOS 2012

  • 301207 Pharmazeutische Chemie
  • 301209 Pharmazie
  • 301303 Medizinische Biochemie