Impact of feedback generation and presentation on self-monitoring behaviors, dietary intake, physical activity, and weight: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rebecca A. Krukowski (Korresp. Autor*in), Andrea H. Denton, Laura Maria König

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


Self-monitoring of dietary intake, physical activity, and weight is a key strategy in behavioral interventions, and some interventions provide self-monitoring feedback to facilitate goal setting and promote engagement. This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether feedback increases intervention effectiveness, and which forms of feedback presentation (e.g., personalized vs. not personalized) and generation (i.e., human vs. algorithm-generated) are most effective. To achieve this aim, 5 electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar) were searched in April 2022 and yielded 694 unique records, out of which 24 articles reporting on 19 studies were included (with a total of 3261 participants). Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts and then full texts and categorized articles as eligible or excluded according to the pre-registered criteria (i.e., availability of full text, peer reviewed manuscript in English; adult participants in a randomized controlled trial that included both self-monitoring and feedback; comparisons of different forms of feedback or comparisons of feedback vs. no feedback; primary outcomes of diet, physical activity, self-monitoring behavior, and/or weight). All included studies were assessed for methodological quality independently by two reviewers using the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized studies (version 2). Ten studies compared feedback to no feedback, 5 compared human- vs. algorithm-generated feedback, and the remaining 4 studies compared formats of feedback presentation (e.g., frequency, richness). A random effects meta-analysis indicated that physical activity interventions with feedback provision were more effective than physical activity interventions without feedback (d = 0.73, 95% CI [0.09;1.37]). No meta-analysis could be conducted for other comparisons due to heterogeneity of study designs and outcomes. There were mixed results regarding which form of feedback generation and presentation is superior. Limitations of the evidence included in this review were: lack of details about feedback provided, the brevity of most interventions, the exclusion of studies that did not isolate feedback when testing intervention packages, and the high risk of bias in many studies. This systematic review underlines the importance of including feedback in behavioral interventions; however, more research is needed to identify most effective forms of feedback generation and presentation to maximize intervention effectiveness. Trial registration (PROSPERO) CRD42022316206.

FachzeitschriftInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 4 Jan. 2024

ÖFOS 2012

  • 501002 Angewandte Psychologie