Impact of the age at menarche on adult body composition in healthy pre- and postmenopausal women

Sylvia Kirchengast, Michael Sator, Johannes C. Huber

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


The present study focuses on the impact of age at menarche on body composition development during adulthood. With 459 healthy middle-class women between 18 and 67 years (x = 41.5) the association between age at menarche and body composition was tested. Body composition, described by absolute and relative amount of fat mass, lean body mass, and bone mass, was estimated by means of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. In order to exclude the influence of the menopausal transition on body composition, pre- and postmenopausal females were examined separately. The absolute amount of body fat was significantly lower within the group of women whose menarche occurred later. However, postmenopausal females exhibit less significant relations between the two trait systems than premenopausal women. This may be due to the impact of menopausal transition which affected the hormone levels and body composition development independently from the adolescent hormonal transition. While in both proband groups the quantitative amount of body fat was significantly related to menarcheal age, a significant relation between menarcheal age and adult body fat distribution could not be verified.
Seiten (von - bis)9-20
FachzeitschriftAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1998

ÖFOS 2012

  • 1060 Biologie