Implications for central Italy paleoclimate from 95,000 yr B.P. Until the early Holocene as evident from Frasassi Cave speleothems

Gerhard Kudielka, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Mabs Gilmour, Avner Ayalon, Christian Koeberl, Alessandro Montanari

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


In this study, we present a composite d18O and d13C record obtained from four speleothems from the Grotta Grande del Vento Cave, located within the Frasassi karst system, northeastern Apennines of central Italy. The ages were determined by U-series analysis, employing thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS), and the composite isotopic profile covers most of the time period from ca. 95,000 yr B.P. until ca. 10,000 yr B.P., including the last part of marine isotope stage (MIS) 5, most of the last glacial (MIS 4–2), and the earliest Holocene (MIS 1), with a hiatus lasting from ca. 65,000 to ca. 55,000 yr B.P. We compared this record with other speleothem records from the Eastern Mediterranean, with caves from western Portugal, with two marine records from the Eastern Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea, and with the North Greenland Ice Core Project (NGRIP) ice-core record. The Frasassi speleothem record provides further insight for a wider regional understanding of the paleoclimate record through the discrepancies and similarities between the northeastern Apennines of central Italy and the Western, Eastern, and northeastern Mediterranean regions.

Seiten (von - bis)429-445
FachzeitschriftSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 11 Sep. 2019

ÖFOS 2012

  • 105105 Geochemie