Influence of fish cage farming on water quality and plankton in fish ponds: A case study in the Rift Valley and North Shoa reservoirs, Ethiopia

Fasil Degefu, Seyoum Mengistou, Michael Schagerl (Korresp. Autor*in)

    Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


    The potential impact of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cage culture on water quality and pelagic community composition was investigated in two Ethiopian small water bodies, one located in the highlands (Yemlo) and the other in the Great Rift Valley (Allage). This study was designed to assess the difference between the cages and open water in relation to those water quality changes attributable to intensive inputs of fish waste and left-over fish feed. All physico-chemical water quality parameters including inorganic nutrients varied temporally, coupled with dry and wet periods. The reservoir's trophic state ranged from eutrophic to hypereutrophic, with a strong correlation between chlorophyll-a and total phosphorus. The phytoplankton community was dominated by Cyanobacteria (84% of total phytoplankton abundance), in particular by Anabaenopsis sp. in Allage reservoir, whereas Chlorophyta (70%), with Pediastrum simplex as the dominant taxon, prevailed in Yemlo reservoir. A total of 23 zooplankton taxa were recorded during our sampling; rotifers were the richest group with 14 taxa distributed in 6 genera, followed by cladocerans represented by 6 taxa (5 genera) and copepods by 3 taxa (1 genus). Dissolved inorganic nutrient concentrations and other physical parameters showed no significant differences between the cages and open water. The exceptions were dissolved oxygen and ammonium nitrogen, which were lower and higher in the cages, respectively. For the whole study period of 240 days, the mean net weight and daily growth rate per fish were 183.3 g and 1.1 g d(-1), respectively.
    Seiten (von - bis)129-135
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2011

    ÖFOS 2012

    • 106020 Limnologie