Lyriform slit sense organ: Thresholds and stimulus amplitude ranges in a multi-unit mechanoreceptor

Friedrich Barth, Johannes Bohnenberger

    Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


    Spike discharges were recorded separately from the individual slits of a lyriform organ to examine the physiological significance of the close parallel arrangement of sensory units in lyriform organs of arachnids. The organ studied lies on the posterior aspect of the spider leg tibia. It consists of 7 slits and is stimulated by induced lateral deflection of the metatarsus. According to previous model studies (Barth and Pickelmann, 1975) marked differences in the sensitivity of the individual slits were expected (Fig. 1). 1. Slit 1 is the longest and a peripheral slit in the group and outstanding for its low threshold, spontaneous activity, and phasic discharge characteristics. All other slits examined (slits 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6) respond to a sustained ramp and hold stimulus with an initial peak and a subsequent regular (power law) decline in discharge frequency before they start bursting (Fig. 2). 2. Threshold stimulus amplitudes (ramp and hold stimuli, rise time 5 ms), given in degrees of metatarsal excursion, vary by a factor of nearly 90 among Slit 2 (0.01°), Slit 3 (0.11°), Slit 4 (0.42°), Slit 5 (0.65°), and Slit 6(?0.92°) (Fig. 3). 3. The stimulus amplitude ranges of the slits overlap and differ only with respect to low amplitudes. Slit 2 covers a spectrum of stimulus amplitudes of at least 45 dB (× 177). This is also the value for the entire organ not considering Slits 1 and 7 (Fig. 4). 4. The stimulus response curves are saturation curves (ramp and hold stimuli; spike frequency of first 100ms). By arranging several slits to form a compound organ, the range of high increment sensitivity is enlarged as compared to the individual slit (Fig. 5). © 1978 Springer-Verlag.
    Seiten (von - bis)37-43
    FachzeitschriftJournal of Comparative Physiology A: sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1978

    ÖFOS 2012

    • 1060 Biologie