Metabolic reconstruction of the near complete microbiome of the model sponge Ianthella basta

J Pamela Engelberts (Korresp. Autor*in), Steven J Robbins (Korresp. Autor*in), Craig W Herbold (Korresp. Autor*in), Florian U Moeller (Korresp. Autor*in), Nico Jehmlich (Korresp. Autor*in), Patrick W Laffy (Korresp. Autor*in), Michael Wagner (Korresp. Autor*in), Nicole S Webster (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


Many marine sponges host highly diverse microbiomes that contribute to various aspects of host health. Although the putative function of individual groups of sponge symbionts has been increasingly described, the extreme diversity has generally precluded in-depth characterization of entire microbiomes, including identification of syntrophic partnerships. The Indo-Pacific sponge Ianthella basta is emerging as a model organism for symbiosis research, hosting only three dominant symbionts: a Thaumarchaeotum, a Gammaproteobacterium, and an Alphaproteobacterium and a range of other low abundance or transitory taxa. Here, we retrieved metagenome assembled genomes (MAGs) representing >90% of I. basta's microbial community, facilitating the metabolic reconstruction of the sponge's near complete microbiome. Through this analysis, we identified metabolic complementarity between microbes, including vitamin sharing, described the importance of low abundance symbionts, and characterized a novel microbe–host attachment mechanism in the Alphaproteobacterium. We further identified putative viral sequences, highlighting the role viruses can play in maintaining symbioses in I. basta through the horizontal transfer of eukaryotic-like proteins, and complemented this data with metaproteomics to identify active metabolic pathways in bacteria, archaea, and viruses. This data provide the framework to adopt I. basta as a model organism for studying host–microbe interactions and provide a basis for in-depth physiological experiments.

Seiten (von - bis)646-660
FachzeitschriftEnvironmental Microbiology
Frühes Online-Datum8 Dez. 2022
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - März 2023

ÖFOS 2012

  • 106026 Ökosystemforschung
  • 106022 Mikrobiologie