Mistakenly misinformed or intentionally deceived? Mis- and disinformation perceptions on the Russian War in Ukraine among citizens in 19 countries

Michael Hameleers, Marina Tulin, Claes de Vreese, Toril Aalberg, Peter van Aelst, Ana S. Cardenal, Nicoleta Corbu, Patrick van Erkel, Frank Esser, Luisa Gehle , Denis Halagiera, David Nicolas Hopmann, Karolina Koc-Michalska, Jörg Matthes, Christine Meltzer, Sabina Mihelj, Christian Schemer, Tamir Sheafer, Sergio Splendore, James StanyerAgnieszka Stępińska, Václav Stetka, Jesper Strömbäck, Ludovic Terren, Yannis Theocharis, Alon Zoizner

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


In information environments characterized by institutional distrust, fragmentation and the widespread dissemination of conspiracies and disinformation, citizens perceive misinformation as a salient and threatening issue. Especially amidst disruptive events and crises, news users are likely to believe that information is inaccurate or deceptive. Using an original 19-country comparative survey study across diverse regions in the world (N = 19,037), we find that news users are likely to regard information on the Russian war in Ukraine as false. They are more likely to attribute false information to deliberative deception than to a lack of access to the war area or inaccurate expert knowledge. Russian sources are substantially more likely to be blamed for falsehoods than Ukrainian or Western sources – but these attribution biases depend on a country's position on the war. Our findings reveal that people mostly believe that falsehoods are intended to deceive them, and selectively associate misinformation with the opposed camp.

FachzeitschriftEuropean Journal of Political Research
Frühes Online-Datum12 Dez. 2023
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 12 Dez. 2023

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