Oriented secondary magnetite micro-inclusions in plagioclase from oceanic gabbro

Ge Bian, Olga Ageeva, Vladimir Roddatis, Gerlinde Habler, Anja Schreiber, Rainer Abart

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Plagioclase-hosted submicrometer to micrometer-sized oriented needle- and lath-shaped magnetite micro-inclusions with their elongation direction aligned parallel to the plagioclase [001] (PL[001]) direction were investigated using correlated optical, scanning electron, and scanning transmission electron microscopy. The PL[001] magnetite micro-inclusions formed from older generations of differently oriented magnetite micro-inclusions by recrystallization during hydrothermal alteration. Six orientation variants of PL[001] magnetite micro-inclusions occur, and they share the same shape orientation but difer in their crystallographic orientation relationships to the plagioclase host. The magnetite-plagioclase interfaces are facetted. High-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy revealed that interface facets are aligned parallel to low-index lattice planes corresponding to oxygen layers of either magnetite or plagioclase. In addition, the linkage between prominent crystal structure elements of magnetite and plagioclase across the interfaces and accommodation mechanisms minimizing misfit between the two crystal structures were discerned. Combined evidence suggests that the shape and shape orientation, as well as the crystallographic orientation relationships between the magnetite micro-inclusions and the plagioclase host, are crystallographically controlled. The close crystal-structural link between magnetite precipitates and plagioclase host ensures a low-energy configuration driving recrystallization of older generations of differently orientated magnetite micro-inclusions into those that are aligned parallel to PL[001] and facilitates the underlying reaction kinetics. Due to their single to pseudo-single domain characteristics, the plagioclase-hosted magnetite micro-inclusions are particularly robust carriers of natural remanent magnetization. Recrystallization of diferently oriented preexisting magnetite micro-inclusions into magnetite micro-inclusions with uniform shape orientation parallel to PL[001] has interesting consequences for the magnetic anisotropy of magnetite-bearing plagioclase grains.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1642-1657
Seitenumfang16
FachzeitschriftAmerican Mineralogist
Jahrgang108
Ausgabenummer9
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Sep. 2023

ÖFOS 2012

  • 105115 Magnetik
  • 105116 Mineralogie
  • 103042 Elektronenmikroskopie
  • 105113 Kristallographie

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