Pseudotachylitic breccia from the Dhala impact structure, north-central India: texture, mineralogy and geochemical characterization

Jayanta Kumar Pati (Korresp. Autor*in), Wolf Uwe Reimold, Ansgar Greshake, R. T. Schmitt, Christian Koeberl, P. Pati, K. Prakash

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Pseudotachylitic breccia (PTB) occurs in a drill core from the crater floor of the 11 km diameter, Proterozoic Dhala impact structure, India. PTBs were intersected in late Archean granitoids between 348.15 m and 502.55 m depth in the MCB-10 drill core from the center of the Dhala structure. The breccias comprise both cataclastic-matrix as well as melt breccias. The presence of microlites and vesicles in the groundmass and a widely observed flow fabric in the PTB support the presence of melt in the groundmass of some samples. Clasts in PTB are derived from the Archean granitoid basement. PTB matrix, the matrix of impact melt breccia also occurring between 256.50 m and 502.55 m depth, and the target granitoids vary in terms of silica, total alkali, magnesium and iron oxide contents. Chondrite-normalized REE patterns of PTB and target granitoids are similar, but the elemental abundances in the PTB are lower. The restricted size of PTB as veins and pods of up to 2.5 cm width, their occurrence at varied depths over a core length of ~ 150 m, the clast population, and the chemical relationships between PTB and their host rocks all suggest the derivation of these breccias locally from the fractured basement granitoids involving in-situ melting. We favor that this took place due to rapid decompression during the collapse and modification stage of impact cratering, with, locally, additional energy input from frictional heating. Locally, amphibolite and dioritic mylonite occur in the host granitoids and their admixture could have contributed to the comparatively more mafic composition of PTB. Alteration of these crater floor rocks could have involved preferential reduction of silica and alkali element abundances, possibly due to impact-induced hydrothermal activity at crater floor level. This process, too, could have resulted in more mafic compositions.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)18-32
Seitenumfang15
FachzeitschriftTectonophysics
Jahrgang649
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 9 Mai 2015

ÖFOS 2012

  • 105105 Geochemie
  • 105116 Mineralogie

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