Stability of minority governments and the role of support agreements

Svenja Krauss, Maria Thürk

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


How does the minority status of a government influence cabinet duration? This article analyzes the influence of minority status on cabinet duration by differentiating between different types of minority governments. Minority governments are not in general less stable than majority ones but different types of minority governments have different effects on cabinet duration. The main theoretical argument is that substantive minority governments without support agreements are less stable than majority governments, while contract minority governments that rely on written support agreements with non-cabinet parties which secure majority support in parliament are as stable as majority ones. Drawing on survival analysis, the effect of different minority cabinet types on cabinet stability is tested for 471 cabinets in 30 countries from 1977 until 2019. The results show that only minority governments without support partnerships have a substantially higher risk of early government termination than majority cabinets. The findings of this analysis have important implications for the coalition theory and the evaluation of minority governments.

Seiten (von - bis)767-792
FachzeitschriftWest European Politics
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022

ÖFOS 2012

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