TY - JOUR

T1 - The interplay of g and mathematical abilities in large-scale assessments across grades

AU - Saß, Steffani

AU - Kampa, Nele

AU - Köller, Olaf

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - This study investigates the interplay between general cognitive abilities and domain-specific mathematical ability by applying three different models. The first model is a g factor model, the second model reflects two correlated factors, and the third model is a nested-factor model that comprises a g factor, a domain-specific mathematical factor and cognitive ability. Furthermore, we analyzed the relation between student characteristics such as self-concept in mathematics, gender, SES, and grade in mathematics. Using data from six different German LSAs of the three cohorts, Grade 5, 9 and 13 (sample sizes range from NGrade5 = 730 to NGrade9 = 3893), and two different frameworks (i.e., literacy and curricular), we confirmed that LSAs do test mathematical ability beyond g. The two cognitive factors correlated differently with the student characteristics considered; this calls for future longitudinal approaches to the issue.

AB - This study investigates the interplay between general cognitive abilities and domain-specific mathematical ability by applying three different models. The first model is a g factor model, the second model reflects two correlated factors, and the third model is a nested-factor model that comprises a g factor, a domain-specific mathematical factor and cognitive ability. Furthermore, we analyzed the relation between student characteristics such as self-concept in mathematics, gender, SES, and grade in mathematics. Using data from six different German LSAs of the three cohorts, Grade 5, 9 and 13 (sample sizes range from NGrade5 = 730 to NGrade9 = 3893), and two different frameworks (i.e., literacy and curricular), we confirmed that LSAs do test mathematical ability beyond g. The two cognitive factors correlated differently with the student characteristics considered; this calls for future longitudinal approaches to the issue.

KW - Methodological research and development

KW - BIFACTOR

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - GENERAL INTELLIGENCE

KW - LATENT COGNITIVE-ABILITIES

KW - PERFORMANCE

KW - SCHOLASTIC ASSESSMENT

KW - SCHOOL-ACHIEVEMENT

KW - SELF-CONCEPT

KW - SEX-DIFFERENCES

KW - TESTS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019353368&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.intell.2017.05.001

DO - 10.1016/j.intell.2017.05.001

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 33

EP - 44

JO - Intelligence: a multidisciplinary journal

JF - Intelligence: a multidisciplinary journal

SN - 0160-2896

ER -