Thermodynamic mixing properties of disordered alkali feldspar solid-solution from Na–K partitioning and low-temperature calorimetry

David Andreas Heuser, Elena Petrishcheva, Flora Ingegneri, Christian Leopold Lengauer, Edgar Dachs, Christoph Hauzenberger, Rainer Abart

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


The equilibrium partitioning of Na and K between alkali feldspar and NaCl–KCl salt melt was determined at 800 C, 850 C, 900 C, 950 C and 1000 C and close to ambient pressure. Four different natural gem-quality alkali feldspars with low degree of Al–Si ordering covering the range from orthoclase to high sanidine and with slightly different minor element concentrations were used as starting materials. The partitioning curves obtained for the four feldspars are indistinguishable indicating that Na–K partitioning independent of the differences of Al–Si ordering state and minor element concentrations existing amongst these feldspars. A sub-regular two parameter Margules type solution model was fitted to the partitioning data, and the excess Gibbs energy describing the thermodynamic non-ideality of the alkali feldspar solid-solution and the respective Margules parameters W gK and W g including their temperature dependence expressed as W g=W h-TW s were determined: (Formula presented.) The corresponding solvus has a critical temperature slightly above 650 C and is well comparable with earlier direct experimental determinations of the low-sanidine-albite solvus curve. Comparison of the vibrational excess entropy determined from low-temperature heat capacity measurements with the total excess entropy derived from the temperature dependence of the excess Gibbs energy yields a negative configurational contribution to the excess entropy pointing towards short-range Na–K ordering on the alkali site.

FachzeitschriftPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 26 Feb. 2024

ÖFOS 2012

  • 105120 Petrologie