TNFα is a key trigger of inflammation in diet-induced non-obese MASLD in mice

Katharina Burger, Finn Jung, Anja Baumann, Annette Brandt, Raphaela Staltner, Victor Manuel Sanchez Juarez, Ina Bergheim (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is thought to be a critical factor in the development of metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD). Here, we determined the effects of a treatment with the anti-TNFα antibody infliximab and a genetic deletion of TNFα, respectively, in the development of non-obese diet-induced early metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH) in mice. The treatment with infliximab improved markers of liver damage in mice with pre-existing early MASH. In TNFα −/− mice, the development of early signs of MASH and insulin resistance was significantly attenuated compared to wild-type animals. While mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines like interleukin 1β (Il1b) and interleukin 6 (Il6) were significantly lower in livers of MASH-diet-fed TNFα −/− mice compared to wild-type mice with early MASH, markers of intestinal barrier function were similarly impaired in both MASH-diet-fed groups compared to controls. Our data suggest that TNFα is a key regulator of hepatic inflammation and insulin resistance associated with the development of early non-obese MASH.

FachzeitschriftRedox biology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Okt. 2023

ÖFOS 2012

  • 303009 Ernährungswissenschaften