Tracking individual wheat microspores in vitro: identification of embryogenic microspores and body axis formation in the embryo.

Ari Indrianto, Julia Barinova, Alisher Touraev, Erwin Heberle-Bors (Korresp. Autor*in)

    Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


     The development of isolated, defined wheat microspores undergoing in vitro embryogenesis has been followed by cell tracking. Isolated wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). microspores were immobilized in Sea Plaque agarose supported by a polypropylene mesh at a low cell density and cultured in a hormone-free, maltose-containing medium in the presence of ovaries serving as a conditioning factor. Embryogenesis was followed in microspores isolated from immature anthers of freshly cut tillers or from heat- and starvation-treated, excised anthers. Three types of microspore were identified on the basis of their cytological features at the start of culture. Type-1 microspores had a big central vacuole and a nucleus close to the microspore wall, usually opposite to the germ pore. This type was identical to the late microspore stage in anthers developing in vivo. Microspores with a fragmented vacuole and a peripheral cytoplasmic pocket containing the nucleus were defined as type 2. In type-3 microspores the nucleus was positioned in a cytoplasmic pocket in the centre of the microspore. Tracking revealed that, irrespective of origin, type-1 microspores first developed into type 2 and then into type-3 microspores. After a few more days, type-3 microspores absorbed their vacuoles and differentiated into cytoplasm-rich and starch-accumulating cells, which then divided to form multicellular structures. Apparently the three types of microspore represent stages in a continuous process and not, as previously assumed, distinct classes of responding and non-responding microspores. The first cell division of the embryogenic microspores was always symmetric. Cell tracking also revealed that the original microspore wall opened opposite to a region in the multicellular microspore which consisted of cells containing starch grains while the remaining cells were starch grain-free. The starch-containing cells were located close to the germ pore of the microspore. In more advanced embryos the broken microspore wall was detected at the root pole of the embryo.
    Seiten (von - bis)163-174
    FachzeitschriftPlanta: an international journal of plant biology
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2001

    ÖFOS 2012

    • 106013 Genetik