Trainability of affordance judgments in right and left hemisphere stroke patients

Isabel Bauer, Lisa Finkel, Milena S Gölz, Sarah E M Stoll, Joachim Liepert, Klaus Willmes, Jennifer Randerath (Korresp. Autor*in)

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed

Abstract

Whenever we are confronted with action opportunities in everyday life, e.g., when passing an opening, we rely on our ability to precisely estimate our own bodily capabilities in relation to the environmental conditions. So-called affordance judgments can be affected after brain damage. Previous studies with healthy adults showed that such judgments appeared to be trainable within one session. In the current study, we examined whether stroke patients with either right brain damage (n = 30) or left brain damage (n = 30) may similarly profit from training in an aperture task. Further, the role of neuropsychological deficits in trainability was investigated. In the administered task, stroke patients decided whether their hand would fit into a presented opening with varying horizontal width (Aperture Task). During one training session, patients were asked to try to fit their hand into the opening and received feedback on their decisions. We analyzed accuracy and the detection theory parameters perceptual sensitivity and judgment tendency. Both patients with right brain damage and patients with left brain damage showed improved performance during training as well as post training. High variability with differential profiles of trainability was revealed in these patients. Patients with impaired performance in a visuo-spatial or motor-cognitive task appeared to profit considerably from the target-driven action phase with feedback, but the performance increase in judgments did not last when the action was withdrawn. Future studies applying lesion analysis with a larger sample may shed further light on the dissociation in the trainability of affordance judgments observed in patients with versus without visuo-spatial or motor-cognitive deficits.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummere0299705
Seitenumfang26
FachzeitschriftPLoS ONE
Jahrgang19
Ausgabenummer5
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Mai 2024

ÖFOS 2012

  • 501010 Klinische Psychologie
  • 501014 Neuropsychologie
  • 501011 Kognitionspsychologie

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