When are fact-checks effective? An experimental study on the inclusion of the misinformation source and the source of fact-checks in 16 European countries

Patrick van Erkel (Korresp. Autor*in), Peter van Aelst, Claes H. de Vreese, David Nicolas Hopmann, Jörg Matthes, James Stanyer, Nicoleta Corbu

Veröffentlichungen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelPeer Reviewed


Despite increasing academic attention, several questions about fact-checking remain unanswered. First, it remains unclear to what extent fact-checks are effective across different political and media contexts. Second, we know little on whether features of the fact-check itself influence its success. Conducting an experiment in 16 European countries, this study aims to fill these gaps by examining two features of fact-checks that may affect their success: whether fact-checks include the political source of the misinformation, and the source of the fact-check itself. We find that fact-checks are successful in debunking misperceptions. Moreover, this debunking effect is consistent across countries. Looking at features of fact-checks, we find no indication that it matters whether fact-checks include the political source of the misinformation claim. Comparing fact-checks from independent organizations with those from public broadcasters, we do find, however, that who the fact-checker is matters, especially in combination with trust in this source.

FachzeitschriftMass Communication and Society
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 14 März 2024

ÖFOS 2012

  • 508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft