A 3D Map of the Local Bubble’s Magnetic Field

Theo O'Neill, Alyssa Goodman, Juan Soler, Jiwon Jesse Han, Joao Alves, Catherine Zucker

Publications: Contribution to conferenceOther contribution to conference

Abstract

We present a 3D map of magnetic field orientation on the surface of the Local Bubble, a low-density cavity in the nearby interstellar medium created by supernovae. This map is the first of its kind to fully chart magnetic fields over an observed superbubble. Recent work mapping the 3D shape and dynamics of the Local Bubble has revealed that the formation of all young stars within 200 pc of the Sun was triggered by the Bubble’s rapid expansion (Zucker et al. 2022). The exact mechanics of this expansion, and the role that magnetic fields in the surrounding interstellar medium have played in regulating its evolution, is not yet clear. By combining detailed models of the Bubble’s geometry (derived from 3D dust mapping, Pelgrims et al. 2020) with the assumption that magnetic field vectors are tangent to the Bubble’s surface, we are able to infer the 3D magnetic field orientation from Planck plane-of-the-sky dust polarization orientations. We analyze the relationship between the Bubble’s inferred magnetic field and background starlight polarimetry observations, and discuss how magnetic fields may have affected the dynamics of the Local Bubble and other nearby structures in the ISM.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2023
Event241st American Astronomical Society meeting - Seattle Convention Center, Seattle, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 202312 Jan 2023

Conference

Conference241st American Astronomical Society meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period8/01/2312/01/23

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103003 Astronomy
  • 103004 Astrophysics

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