Accuracy and Fluency Teaching and the Role of Extramural English: A Tale of Three Countries

Alexandra Schurz, Marion Coumel (Corresponding author), Julia Hüttner

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European learners of English are increasingly using this language recreationally, which is referred to as Extramural English (henceforth EE). The level of EE use in a given country might be reflected in English Language Teaching (ELT) practices. Yet, no research so far has examined cross-nationally what potential for language learning teachers perceive in their learners’ EE engagement and how this relates to ELT practices. To address this gap, the present study draws on interview data from lower secondary English teachers from Austria, France, and Sweden (n = 20). They were enquired about (1) their students’ EE engagement and its effects on learning, (2) their accuracy and fluency teaching methods, and (3) the perceived link between EE and ELT. Swedish teachers seemed to have a more positive and fine-grained conceptualization of the impact of EE on learning than Austrian and French participants, especially in terms of grammar acquisition. The implicit learning environment that Swedish students encounter extramurally might extend to the classroom, where the use of explicit grammar rules occurs less dominantly than in the Austrian and French samples. The countries converged in the type of fluency-based instruction they reported. Gaps in language areas not (fully) developed through EE seem to be more intentionally addressed in ELT in Sweden.
Original languageEnglish
Article number35
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 602008 English studies


  • English language teaching
  • accuracy teaching
  • deductive instruction
  • explicit instruction
  • extramural English
  • fluency teaching
  • implicit vs
  • inductive vs
  • Extramural English
  • Implicit vs. explicit instruction
  • Fluency teaching
  • Accuracy teaching
  • Inductive vs. deductive instruction

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