Correspondence between entangled states and entangled bases under local transformations

Florian Pimpel, Martin J. Renner, Armin Tavakoli

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


We investigate whether pure entangled states can be associated to a measurement basis in which all vectors are local unitary transformations of the original state. We prove that for bipartite states with a local dimension that is either 2, 4, or 8, every state corresponds to a basis. Via numerics, we strongly evidence the same conclusion for two qutrits and three qubits also. However, for some states of four qubits, we are unable to find a basis, leading us to conjecture that not all quantum states admit a corresponding measurement. Furthermore, we investigate whether there can exist a set of local unitaries that transform any state into a basis. While we show that such a state-independent construction cannot exist for general quantum states, we prove that it does exist for real-valued n-qubit states if and only if n=2,3, and that such constructions are impossible for any multipartite system of an odd local dimension. Our results suggest a rich relationship between entangled states and iso-entangled measurements with a strong dependence on both particle numbers and dimension.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022220
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103025 Quantum mechanics
  • 103026 Quantum optics


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