Declining Gender Differences in Low-Wage Employment in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

Nina-Sophie Fritsch, Roland Verwiebe, Bernd Liedl

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed

Abstract

Although the low-wage employment sector has enlarged over the past 20 years in the context of pronounced flexibility in restructured labor markets, gender differences in low-wage employment have declined in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In this article, the authors examine reasons for declining gender inequalities, and most notably concentrate on explanations for the closing gender gap in low-wage employment risks. In addition, they identify differences and similarities among the German-speaking countries. Based on regression techniques and decomposition analyses (1996-2016), the authors find significantly decreasing labor market risks for the female workforce. Detailed analysis reveals that (1) the concrete positioning in the labor market shows greater importance in explaining declining gender differences compared to personal characteristics. (2) The changed composition of the labor markets has prevented the low-wage sector from increasing even more in general and works in favor of the female workforce and their low-wage employment risks in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449–488
Number of pages40
JournalComparative Sociology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 504003 Poverty and social exclusion

Keywords

  • Austria
  • EDUCATION
  • Germany
  • INEQUALITY
  • LABOR-MARKET INSTITUTIONS
  • MALE BREADWINNER MODEL
  • NESTED MODELS
  • PAY GAP
  • SKILL CONTENT
  • Switzerland
  • TECHNOLOGICAL-CHANGE
  • TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
  • WOMENS EMPLOYMENT
  • gender inequality
  • labor market
  • low-wage employment

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