Dispersion relations for hadronic light-by-light scattering and the muon g-2

Massimiliano Procura, Gilberto Colangelo, Martin Hoferichter, Peter Stoffer

Publications: Contribution to bookContribution to proceedingsPeer Reviewed

Abstract

The largest uncertainties in the Standard Model calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g - 2) μ come from hadronic effects, and in a few years the subleading hadronic light-by-light (HLbL) contribution might dominate the theory error. We present a dispersive description of the HLbL tensor, which is based on unitarity, analyticity, crossing symmetry, and gauge invariance. This opens up the possibility of a data-driven determination of the HLbL contribution to (g - 2) μ with the aim of reducing model dependence and achieving a reliable error estimate. Our dispersive approach defines unambiguously the pion-pole and the pion-box contribution to the HLbL tensor. Using Mandelstam double-spectral representation, we have proven that the pion-box contribution coincides exactly with the one-loop scalar-QED amplitude, multiplied by the appropriate pion vector form factors. Using dispersive fits to high-statistics data for the pion vector form factor, we obtain a π-box μ = -15.9(2) × 10 -11. A first model-independent calculation of effects of ππ intermediate states that go beyond the scalar-QED pion loop is also presented. We combine our dispersive description of the HLbL tensor with a partial-wave expansion and demonstrate that the known scalar-QED result is recovered after partial-wave resummation. After constructing suitable input for the γ∗γ∗ → ππ helicity partial waves based on a pion-pole left-hand cut (LHC), we find that for the dominant charged-pion contribution this representation is consistent with the two-loop chiral prediction and the COMPASS measurement for the pion polarizability. This allows us to reliably estimate S-wave rescattering effects to the full pion box and leads to a π-box μ + a ππ,π-pole LHC μ,J=0 = -24(1) × 10 -11.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings, KLOE-2 Workshop on e+e- Collision Physics at 1 GeV
EditorsA. Di Domenico
Number of pages9
Volume166
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventKLOE-2 Workshop on e+ e- Collision Physics at 1 GeV - Frascati, Italy
Duration: 26 Oct 201628 Oct 2016

Publication series

SeriesEPJ Web of Conferences
Volume166

Conference

ConferenceKLOE-2 Workshop on e+ e- Collision Physics at 1 GeV
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFrascati
Period26/10/1628/10/16

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103034 Particle physics

Keywords

  • PARTICLE PHYSICS
  • PRECISION-MEASUREMENT
  • INVARIANT AMPLITUDES
  • ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC-MOMENT
  • ROY

Cite this