Entanglement purification for quantum communication

Jian-Wei Pan, Christoph Simon, Caslav Brukner, Anton Zeilinger

    Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed

    Abstract

    The distribution of entangled states between distant locations will be essential for the future large-scale realization of quantum communication schemes such as quantum cryptography and quantum teleportation. Because of unavoidable noise in the quantum communication channel, the entanglement between two particles is more and more degraded the further they propagate. Entanglement purification is thus essential to distil highly entangled states from less entangled ones. Existing general purification protocols are based on the quantum controlled-NOT (CNOT) or similar quantum logic operations, which are very difficult to implement experimentally. Present realizations of CNOT gates are much too imperfect to be useful for long-distance quantum communication. Here we present a scheme for the entanglement purification of general mixed entangled states, which achieves 50 per cent of the success probability of schemes based on the CNOT operation, but requires only simple linear optical elements. Because the perfection of such elements is very high, the local operations necessary for purification can be performed with the required precision. Our procedure is within the reach of current technology, and should significantly simplify the implementation of long-distance quantum communication.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1067-1070
    Number of pages4
    JournalNature
    Volume410
    Issue number6832
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Austrian Fields of Science 2012

    • 103026 Quantum optics

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