Epistemological beliefs in science - a person-centered approach to investigate high school students' profiles

Nele Kampa (Corresponding author), Irene Neumann, Patricia Heitmann, Kerstin Kremer

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed

Abstract

Epistemological beliefs (EB) are a prominent topic in educational research and considered important for the learning process. Science EB in particular are not only important for learning in science but also a unique learning goal itself. They are connected to science abilities and achievement as well as to students' personal features and background. Since EB are domain-specific we investigated the four relevant dimensions for the domain of science: justification, development, source, and certainty. We explored the number and characteristics of science EB profiles among 4995 tenth graders and, by means of latent profile analysis (LPA), related them to students' characteristics. We identified four groups that show level and shape differences. These groups also differed considerably regarding constructs related to students' learning, namely, self-concept, motivation, and science achievement as well as gender, social background, and school type. Implications for further research, in particular for cross-cultural studies, are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 503006 Educational research

Keywords

  • ACADEMIC SELF-CONCEPT
  • ACHIEVEMENT
  • EPISTEMIC BELIEFS
  • Epistemological beliefs in science
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • Latent profile analysis
  • MOTIVATION
  • Science achievement

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