Experimental demonstration of free-space decoy-state quantum key distribution over 144 km

Tobias Schmitt-Manderbach, Henning Weier, Martin Fürst, Rupert Ursin, Felix Tiefenbacher, Thomas Scheidl, Josep Perdigues, Zoran Sodnik, Christian Kurtsiefer, John G. Rarity, Anton Zeilinger, Harald Weinfurter

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Abstract

We report on the experimental implementation of a Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) protocol type quantum key distribution over a 144 km free-space link using weak coherent laser pulses. Optimization of the link transmission was achieved with bidirectional active telescope tracking, and the security was ensured by employing decoy-state analysis. This enabled us to distribute a secure key at a rate of 12.8bit/s at an attenuation of about 35 dB. Utilizing a simple transmitter setup and an optical ground station capable of tracking a spacecraft in low earth orbit, this outdoor experiment demonstrates the feasibility of global key distribution via satellites. Π2007 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number010504
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103026 Quantum optics

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