High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber

Hannes Hübel, Thomas Lederer, Michael R. Vanner, Bibiane Blauensteiner, Thomas Lorünser, Andreas Poppe, Anton Zeilinger

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed

Abstract

We demonstrate non-degenerate down-conversion at 810 and 1550 nm for long-distance fiber based quantum communication using polarization entangled photon pairs. Measurements of the two-photon visibility, without dark count subtraction, have shown that the quantum correlations (raw visibility 89%) allow secure quantum cryptography after 100 km of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber using commercially available single photon detectors. In addition, quantum state tomography has revealed little degradation of state negativity, decreasing from 0.99 at the source to 0.93 after 100 km, indicating minimal loss in fidelity during the transmission. © 2007 Optical Society of America.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7853-7862
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103021 Optics

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