Influence of a multiple emulsion, liposomes and a microemulsion gel on sebum, skin hydration and TEWL

D. Mahrhauser, C. Nagelreiter, A. Baierl, J. Skipiol, C. Valenta

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


Synopsis Objective In this study, the influence of three cosmetically relevant, priorly characterized vehicles on skin hydration, sebum content and transepidermal water loss was investigated. The chosen vehicles included a liposomal pre-formulation, a multiple W/O/W emulsion and a microemulsion gel. The in vivo effects of these vehicles were demonstrated and compared among them. Methods The stability of the prepared vehicles was determined visually, microscopically, rheologically by pH measurements and particle size. Interactions with skin were assessed by non-invasive biophysical techniques using the Corneometer®, Aqua Flux® and Sebumeter, measuring skin hydration, TEWL and skin sebum content, respectively. Results All vehicles remained stable over an observation period of 6 weeks. The multiple emulsion increased sebum content and skin hydration. In case of the liposomes, each monitored parameter remained almost constant. In contrast, the microemulsion gel lowered skin hydration and increased TEWL values, but even 1 week after termination of the treatment TEWL decreased almost close to control levels. Conclusion All produced vehicles were proven to remain physically stable over the duration of this study. The used multiple emulsion showed very skin-friendly properties by increasing sebum and skin hydration. Likewise, the liposomal pre-formulation exhibited no negative effects. On the contrary, the investigated microemulsion gel seemed to have skin dehydrating and TEWL increasing features. However, the multiple emulsion as well as liposomes was identified to be well-tolerated vehicles for skin which might qualify them for the use in cosmetic formulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cosmetic Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 301208 Pharmaceutical technology


  • formulation/stability
  • liposomes
  • microemulsion gel
  • multiple emulsion
  • sebum content
  • skin barrier
  • skin hydration
  • skin physiology
  • structure
  • transepidermal water loss
  • skin physiology/structure

Cite this