Lower Bounds on Ground-State Energies of Local Hamiltonians through the Renormalization Group

Ilya Kull (Corresponding author), Norbert Schuch, Ben Dive, Miguel Navascués

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


Given a renormalization scheme, we show how to formulate a tractable convex relaxation of the set of feasible local density matrices of a many-body quantum system. The relaxation is obtained by introducing a hierarchy of constraints between the reduced states of ever-growing sets of lattice sites. The coarse-graining maps of the underlying renormalization procedure serve to eliminate a vast number of those constraints, such that the remaining ones can be enforced with reasonable computational means. This process can be used to obtain rigorous lower bounds on the ground-state energy of arbitrary local Hamiltonians by performing a linear optimization over the resulting convex relaxation of reduced quantum states. The quality of the bounds crucially depends on the particular renormalization scheme, which must be tailored to the target Hamiltonian. We apply our method to 1D translation-invariant spin models, obtaining energy bounds comparable to those attained by optimizing over locally translation-invariant states of n≳100 spins. Beyond this demonstration, the general method can be applied to a wide range of other problems, such as spin systems in higher spatial dimensions, electronic structure problems, and various other many-body optimization problems, such as entanglement and nonlocality detection.
Original languageEnglish
Article number021008
Number of pages31
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 103025 Quantum mechanics
  • 103015 Condensed matter

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