Metabolic and phylogenetic diversity in the phylum Nitrospinota revealed by comparative genome analyses

Linnea F M Kop, Hanna Koch, Mike S M Jetten, Holger Daims, Sebastian Lücker (Corresponding author)

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed

Abstract

The most abundant known nitrite-oxidizing bacteria in the marine water column belong to the phylum Nitrospinota. Despite their importance in marine nitrogen cycling and primary production, there are only few cultured representatives that all belong to the class Nitrospinia. Moreover, although Nitrospinota were traditionally thought to be restricted to marine environments, metagenome-assembled genomes have also been recovered from groundwater. Over the recent years, metagenomic sequencing has led to the discovery of several novel classes of Nitrospinota (UBA9942, UBA7883, 2-12-FULL-45-22, JACRGO01, JADGAW01), which remain uncultivated and have not been analyzed in detail. Here, we analyzed a nonredundant set of 98 Nitrospinota genomes with focus on these understudied Nitrospinota classes and compared their metabolic profiles to get insights into their potential role in biogeochemical element cycling. Based on phylogenomic analysis and average amino acid identities, the highly diverse phylum Nitrospinota could be divided into at least 33 different genera, partly with quite distinct metabolic capacities. Our analysis shows that not all Nitrospinota are nitrite oxidizers and that members of this phylum have the genomic potential to use sulfide and hydrogen for energy conservation. This study expands our knowledge of the phylogeny and potential ecophysiology of the phylum Nitrospinota and offers new avenues for the isolation and cultivation of these elusive bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberycad017
Number of pages15
JournalISME Communications
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2024

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 106026 Ecosystem research
  • 106022 Microbiology

Keywords

  • Nitrospinota
  • metagenomics
  • nitrification
  • nitrite oxidation
  • sulfide oxidation

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