Performing high-quality multi-photon experiments with parametric down-conversion

Thomas Jennewein, Rupert Ursin, Markus Aspelmeyer, Anton Zeilinger

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


We demonstrate entanglement swapping of polarization entangled photons using an interferometric Bell-state measurement operating at the theoretical limit of 50% efficiency capable of identifying two of the four Bell states. Our experiment represents the highest quality of entanglement swapping so far, with the correlations of the final entangled states showing an overlap fidelity with the ideal Bell states of F = 0.892, and a violation Bell's inequality for both swapped entangled states. In order to achieve this high-quality operation we have optimized various experimental error sources of our setup including the quality of optical elements, as well as the constraints due to the coherence and the group-velocity mismatch of the pump and down-conversion photons. Our results are relevant for experiments that involve interferences of independent photons and pulsed multi-photon states, such as in quantum computing, quantum metrology and quantum communication with quantum repeaters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114008
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 1030 Physics, Astronomy

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