Photonic Source of Heralded Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger States

H. Cao, L. M. Hansen, F. Giorgino, L. Carosini, P. Zahálka, F. Zilk, J. C. Loredo (Corresponding author), P. Walther (Corresponding author)

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


Generating large multiphoton entangled states is of main interest due to enabling universal photonic quantum computing and all-optical quantum repeater nodes. These applications exploit measurement-based quantum computation using cluster states. Remarkably, it was shown that photonic cluster states of arbitrary size can be generated by using feasible heralded linear optics fusion gates that act on heralded three-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states as the initial resource state. Thus, the capability of generating heralded GHZ states is of great importance for scaling up photonic quantum computing. Here, we experimentally demonstrate this required building block by reporting a polarisation-encoded heralded GHZ state of three photons, for which we build a high-rate six-photon source (547±2 Hz) from a solid-state quantum emitter and a stable polarization-based interferometer. The detection of three ancillary photons heralds the generation of three-photon GHZ states among the remaining particles with fidelities up to F=0.7278±0.0106. Our results initiate a path for scalable entangling operations using heralded linear-optics implementations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number130604
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2024

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 102040 Quantum computing
  • 103026 Quantum optics

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