Quantum error channels in high energetic photonic systems

B. C. Hiesmayr (Corresponding author), W. Krzemień, M. Bała

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


In medical applications—such as positron emission tomography (PET)—511 keV photons that experience Compton scattering are studied. We present a consistent framework based on quantum error-correction channels—intensively studied in quantum computing—to fully describe the quantum information-theoretic content of high energetic photons undergoing Compton scattering, characterized by the Klein–Nishina formula in unoriented matter. In this way, we can predict the expected spatial distribution of two or more, pure or mixed, polarization entangled or separable photons. This framework allows us to characterize the accessible and inaccessible information for different parameter ranges. It also answers the question of how to describe successive multi-photon scattering. In addition our formalism provides a complete framework for dealing with single and all multi-partite errors that can occur in the propagation, providing the basis for modeling future dedicated experiments that will then have applications in medicine, such as reducing errors in PET imaging or exploring possibilities for quantum-based diagnostic indicators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9672
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2024

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 102040 Quantum computing
  • 103036 Theoretical physics

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