Rhetorizing Philosophy: Toward a "Double Reading" of Philosophical Texts

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Abstract

Philosophy consists primarily in or of texts. The implications of this very basic fact for the subject-both as a writer and as a reader-and philosophy's conception of itself as a privileged form of argumentation and for establishing the truth have, however, been largely neglected. In order to address these issues, the article reconsiders Foucault's “double reading” of Descartes's Meditations as “demonstration” and “exercise” that both affects and transforms the meditating subject. I argue that such a double reading is not only proper to the Meditations but constitutive of all philosophical texts. This leads to a revised notion of truth that derives its argumentative consistency precisely from the entanglement of demonstration and exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-46
Number of pages23
JournalPhilosophy and Rhetoric
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 602041 Rhetoric
  • 603120 Philosophy of language

Keywords

  • Derrida
  • Discourse
  • Foucault
  • Parrhēsia
  • Text
  • Truth

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