Thermal oviposition performance of the ladybird Stethorus gilvifrons preying on two-spotted spider mites

Maryam Jafari, Hossein Ranjbar Aghdam, Abbas Ali Zamani, Shila Goldasteh, Ebrahim Soleyman-Nejadian, Peter Schausberger

Publications: Contribution to journalArticlePeer Reviewed


The ladybird Stethorus gilvifrons (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is an important predator of two-spotted spider mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), in southeastern Europe and western and southwestern Asia, such as Iran, India, and Turkey. To enhance forecasting the occurrence and performance of this predator in natural control and improve its usage in biological control, we evaluated and compared four non-linear oviposition models, i.e., Enkegaard, Analytis, Bieri-1, and Bieri-2. The models were validated by using data of age-specific fecundity of female S. gilvifrons at six constant temperatures (15, 20, 25, 27, 30, and 34 °C). All four models provided good fit quality to age-dependent oviposition at 15 to 30 °C (R2 0.67 to 0.94; R2adj 0.63 to 0.94) but had a poor fit at 34 °C (R2 0.33 to 0.40; R2adj 0.17 to 0.34). Within temperatures, the best performing models were Bieri-1 (R2), Bieri-2 (R2adj), and Analytis (RSS) at 15 °C, Bieri-1 at 27 °C, and Analytis at 20, 25, and 30 °C. Analytis was the best suited model across the wide temperature range tested (from 15 to 30 °C). The models presented here allow for prediction of the population dynamics of S. gilvifrons in field and greenhouse crops in temperate and subtropical climates.
Original languageEnglish
Article number199
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2023

Austrian Fields of Science 2012

  • 106047 Animal ecology
  • 106051 Behavioural biology


  • fecundity
  • non-linear modeling
  • Stethorus gilvifrons
  • temperature
  • Tetranychus urticae


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